Understanding the Consequences of Hypertension or High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is a common medical condition that affects over a billion people worldwide. It occurs when the force of blood against arterial walls increases, leading to a variety of health issues. Your blood vessels carry oxygenated blood from your heart to every point in your body. You need a certain level of pressure to deliver blood throughout your body and back to the heart again. However, if this pressure is consistently too high, it can lead to arterial damage and could cause a stroke or a heart attack.

High blood pressure is typically asymptomatic, meaning that it may go unnoticed for years before any significant symptoms appear. Many adults do not know that they have hypertension as it is not always obvious. You need to measure it to know, and sometimes it is too late and a stroke or a heart attack suddenly happens. Every adult should know their blood pressure because you can take steps to lower your BP through simple lifestyle changes or taking medication if required. If left untreated, hypertension can lead to severe health problems that can be life-threatening. In this blog post, we will discuss the consequences of hypertension or high blood pressure and how it can impact your health.

1. Heart Disease: One of the most significant consequences of hypertension is the increased risk of developing heart disease. When the heart has to work harder to pump blood through the arteries, it can become enlarged, leading to heart failure, stroke, or heart attack. High blood pressure is a significant risk factor for developing heart disease and is associated with premature death.

Hypertension or High Blood Pressure - Point Walter Pharmacy

2. Kidney Disease: The function of the kidneys is to filter waste and extra fluid from the body, and a healthy circulatory system is critical to this process. High blood pressure can compromise the function of the kidneys, leading to kidney disease. It can also cause damage to the tiny blood vessels in the kidney, making it challenging to filter waste and toxins out of the body.

3. Vision Loss: Hypertension can cause damage to the blood vessels in the eyes, leading to vision loss or even blindness. The damage can occur gradually, and many people may not notice any changes in their vision until the condition has become severe.

4. Brain Damage: High blood pressure can also damage the blood vessels in the brain, leading to a increased risk of stroke. It can also cause cognitive impairment, such as memory loss or confusion, which can impact a person’s daily life.

5. Sexual Dysfunction: Hypertension can also affect a person’s sexual health. It can cause erectile dysfunction in men, making it difficult to achieve or maintain an erection. Hypertension can also impact sexual functioning in women.


In conclusion, hypertension is not a condition that should be taken lightly. The consequences of high blood pressure can be severe and life-threatening. If you have been diagnosed with hypertension, it is essential to work with your healthcare provider to manage your condition. This may involve lifestyle changes, such as a healthy diet and regular exercise, or medication to control your blood pressure. By taking action to manage your high blood pressure, you can reduce your risk of developing serious health issues and live a healthier life.

Get your blood pressure checked with your doctor at least annually. You can call into https://pointwalterpharmacy.com.au between GP appointments for a BP check at any time – our team is always here to help.